The following list of publications either describe the scheme or its application. Please use at least one of these publications, when you are publishing results obtained with the provided algorithm.

Description of scheme

Murray, R.J. and Simmonds, I., 1991a: A numerical scheme for tracking cyclone centres from digital data. Part I: Development and operation of the scheme. Aust. Met. Mag., 39, 155-166.

Murray, R.J. and Simmonds, I., 1991b: A numerical scheme for tracking cyclone centres from digital data. Part II: Application to January and July general circulation model simulations. Aust. Met. Mag., 39, 167-180.

Simmonds, I., Murray, R.J. and Leighton, R.M., 1999: A refinement of cyclone tracking methods with data from FROST. Aust. Met. Mag., Special Edition, 35-49.


Earl, N., I. Simmonds and I. Rudeva, 2019: Sub-synoptic-scale features associated with extreme surface gusts during the South Australia Storm of September 2016: Part I. Characteristics of the event. Weather, 74, 278-285, doi:10.1002/wea.3385.

Grieger, J., G. C. Leckebusch, C. C. Raible, I. Rudeva and I. Simmonds, 2018: Subantarctic cyclones identified by 14 tracking methods, and their role for moisture transports into the continent. Tellus, 70A, 1454808, doi:10.1080/16000870.2018.1454808.

Kouroutzoglou, J., H. A. Flocas, M. Hatzaki, K. Keay, I. Simmonds and A. Mavroudis, 2015: On the dynamics of a case study of explosive cyclogenesis in the Mediterranean. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 127, 49-73, doi:10.1007/s00703-014-0357-x.

Rudeva, I., and I. Simmonds, 2015: Variability and trends of global atmospheric frontal activity and links with large-scale modes of variability. Journal of Climate, 28, 3311-3330, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00458.1.

Papritz, L., S. Pfahl, I. Rudeva, I. Simmonds, H. Sodemann and H. Wernli, 2014: The role of extratropical cyclones and fronts for Southern Ocean freshwater fluxes. Journal of Climate, 27, 6205-6224, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00409.1.

Ulbrich, U., et al., 2013: Are greenhouse gas signals of Northern Hemisphere winter extra-tropical cyclone activity dependent on the identification and tracking algorithm? Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 22, 61-68, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2013/0420.

Kouroutzoglou, J., H. A. Flocas, K. Keay, I. Simmonds and M. Hatzaki, 2012: On the vertical structure of Mediterranean explosive cyclones. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 110, 155–176, doi:10.1007/s00704-012-0620-3.

Simmonds, I., and I. Rudeva, 2012: The Great Arctic Cyclone of August 2012. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L23709, doi:10.1029/2012GL054259.

Screen, J. A., I. Simmonds and K. Keay, 2011: Dramatic interannual changes of perennial Arctic sea ice linked to abnormal summer storm activity. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, D15105, doi:10.1029/2011JD015847.

Irving, D., I. Simmonds and K. Keay, 2010: Mesoscale cyclone activity over the ice-free Southern Ocean: 1999-2008. Journal of Climate, 23, 5404–5420, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3628.1.

Simmonds, I., C. Burke and K. Keay, 2008: Arctic climate change as manifest in cyclone behavior. Journal of Climate, 21, 5777-5796, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2366.1.

Pezza, A. B., I. Simmonds and J. A. Renwick, 2007: Southern Hemisphere cyclones and anticyclones: Recent trends and links with decadal variability in the Pacific Ocean. International Journal of Climatology, 27, 1403-1419, doi:10.1002/joc.1477.

Simmonds, I., 2000: Size changes over the life of sea level cyclones in the NCEP reanalysis. Monthly Weather Review, 128, 4118-4125, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2000)129%3C4118:SCOTLO%3E2.0.CO;2.

Simmonds, I., and K. Keay, 2000: Mean Southern Hemisphere extratropical cyclone behaviour in the 40-year NCEP-NCAR reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 13, 873-885, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0873:MSHECB>2.0.CO;2.

Simmonds, I., and K. Keay, 2000: Variability of Southern Hemisphere extratropical cyclone behaviour 1958-97. Journal of Climate, 13, 550-561, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0550:VOSHEC>2.0.CO;2.